Today we started a little bit early. After taking tea we directly headed to Patan. Patan, ornamented with ancient monasteries, temples, and other monuments. Some of which have existed for centuries—amalgamated seamlessly into residents’ everyday lives. Patan city architectures became so familiar to the residents that they’re sometimes underappreciated and neglected. Once you get to Patan, make sure to wander around slowly to fully sucking its beauty. Here, in this post, I will try to share my experience of our Patan City, Pashupatinath Temple and Boudhanath temple sightseeing.
DAY 7- Patan City, Pashupatinath Temple and Boudhanath temple sightseeing.
I found Patan was an overwhelming city to navigate, and exploring it in a day or two is almost impossible, so I suggest, take your time. You may only see a small part of Patan if you spend one or half a day.
Patan Durbar Square is located in the center of the city of Lalitpur in Nepal. It is one of the three Durbar Squares within the Kathmandu Valley, all of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. One of its attractions is that the ancient royal palace where the Malla Kings of Lalitpur resided.
Durbar Square is a genius of Newar architecture. The square floor is tiled with red bricks. There are several temples and idols in the area. There is also a bell located in the alignment beside the main temples. A center of both Hinduism and Buddhism co-exists in Patan Durbar Square. The square was seriously damaged by the earthquake in April 2015.
The history of the Durbar Square isn’t clear. Although the Malla Kings of Lalitpur is credited with the creation of the royal square, it is known that the site is an ancient crossroad. The Malla Kings made important changes to the square. Patan is also one of the oldest Buddhist cities. Various temples I noted down there are-
Krishna temple is that the most vital temple in Patan Durbar Square. It was inbuilt the local sort of Shikhara style called Granthakuta. The stone carvings along the beam above the first and second-floor pillar are most remarkable. The first-floor pillar carvings describe the events of the Mahabharata, while on the second floor there are visual carvings from Ramayana.
Bhimsen Temple is famous for its three connected golden windows. Bhimsen is a great personality in Mahabharata. He was known to be brave and strong. In Newa, he’s traditionally worshiped as a god of business and trade.
Vishwanath Temple is dedicated to God Shiva. The roof supports are decorated with erotic carvings similar to imagery widespread in Shiva temples in India.
Taleju Bhawani Temple
Taleju temple was built by Siddhi Narsingh Malla was the personal goddess of the Malla kings. It is a five-story temple with triple-roofs.
The layout of the Palace
The three main courtyards within the palace are Mul Chowk, Sundari Chowk, and Keshav Narayan Chowk. Moreover, these courtyards, the complex claims inspirational temples, religious shrines, and historical places, all noted for his or her elusive carvings and pleasant display of ancient Newari architecture.
Keshav Narayan Chowk
Keshav Narayan Chowk is, inside the Patan Museum, to the north of the Mul Chowk.
Mul Chowk is the central courtyard. It is the most famous and major courtyard among the three main chowks. Vidya Temple is found at its center and Taleju temples stand around the courtyard.
Sundari Chowk is to the south of the Mul Chowk. It is designed with sunken tank referred to as Tusha Hiti. Smaller than the Mul Chowk, it’s now hospitable to the general public.
Sundari Chowk is to the south of the Mul Chowk. It is designed with a sunken tank referred to as Tusha Hiti. Smaller than the Mul Chowk, it’s now hospitable to the general public.
If you like a person with a habit of observation, sit on one of the benches along the museum’s walls as the square becomes busier throughout the day. The temple stairs are no longer standing because of the earthquake, so locals like to sit on one of the courtyard’s benches or the other side of the square, on the edges of the fountain in front of the big bell, and gossip with friends after a long day of work.
The Patan Darbur Square entry fee is 25 rupees for visitors from SAARC countries and 250 rupees for other nationals. The museum ticket is valid for the duration of their visa’s validity. The museum a large collection of sculptures of Buddhist and Hindu deities on display.
Then we found that we have to take our breakfast. We went to Annapurna Sweets & Fast Food Restaurants at Kotthulacchi Building of Patan Dhoka. As breakfast we have taken kachouri, sabji and Lassi (sweet buttermilk).
Then we went to Patan Museum. Patan Museum displays the traditional holy art of Nepal with its pure form of the architectural setting. It has been constructed in an old residential court of Patan Darbar, one of the royal palaces of the former Malla kings of the Kathmandu Valley. This museum has the things and sculptures that are ancient to eastern civilization and are thousands of years old.
After that, we reached the Buddhist monastery. The Buddhist monastery dates back to the 12th century. It is also a place of daily worship and a gathering spot for members of the community, who take turns looking after the site. Many locals start their early mornings by making rice and flower offerings, but the monastery is officially open to tourists from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.
I observed in many places locals are selling everything from handcrafted statues of Buddhist and Hindu gods to singing bowls and paintings. One of the stores worth visiting is Goutam Gift Emporium, an artisan hub with a gallery, an artists’ collective, and a handicraft store. If you would like to require an opportunity to grab a bite, consider the palace square as your start line. Don’t be afraid to ask the locals for directions if you get lost in the alleyways.
Then we went to Pashupatinath Temple. Patan City to Pashupatnaith Temple is about 9 km. But to reach there we took 1 hr 15 mnts time. Because, on the way we have our lunch. We have taken our lunch at Brijwasi. It is at city centre. We have taken veg. lunch. Then we went to Pashupatinath Temple.
The Pashupatinath Temple is also be a famous and holy Hindu temple complex that’s situated on the banks of the Bagmati River of Kathmandu. The temple serves as the seat of Pashupatinath (Lord Shiva). This temple complex was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites’s list.
This main temple is constructed in the Nepalese pagoda style of architecture.
The two-level roofs are of copper with gold covering. It has four main doors, all covered with silver sheets. Inside are two Garvagrihas, outer and inner. The main idol may be a stone Mukhalinga with a silver yoni (vagina) base bound with the silver. The lingam is one metre high and has faces in four directions.
Unlike other Shiva lingams in India and Nepal this Pashupati Shiva lingam is typically wearing its golden vastram except during abhisheka, so pouring milk and Ganga Jal (water) is merely possible during abhisheka through the main priests. The unique feature of this temple is that only 2 priests can touch the idol. Daily rituals of Pashupatinath are administered by two sets of priests; one being the Bhatt priests and other Bhandari. Bhatta is the one who performs the daily ritual and should touch the lingam, whereas Bhandaris are the helper and temple caretaker priests who aren’t qualified to perform pooja rituals or to touch the deity.
The western entrance is that the main entrance to the temple courtyard and therefore the remaining three entrances are open only during festivals. Hindus and Buddhists are only allowed to enter into Temple courtyard. An exception is granted to Sikhs and Jains; if they’re of Indian ancestry they’ll enter the temple complex. Others can look at the main temple from the adjacent side of the river. The inner temple courtyard remains open from 4 am to 7 pm for the devotee. Next, we moved to Boudhnath Stupa. From Pashupatinath Temple to Boudhnath Stupa it took 15 minutes walking.
The Boudha Stupa dominates the skyline; it’s one of the foremost important stupas within the planet. The invasion of large populations of refugees from Tibet has seen the construction of over 50 gompas around Boudha. The April 2015 Nepal earthquake was badly broken Boudhanath Stupa, severely cracking the tip. As a result, the entire structure above the dome, and therefore the religious relics it contained had to be removed. Then sun sets and we came back to our hotel.