The story of the Indian Railways (IR) is truly a “Turnaround”. After almost being declared bankrupt in 2001 according to the Expert Group, the Indian Railways is today, “India’s second largest profit making Public Sector Undertaking, only next to ONGC” (Raghuram, 2007). The Indian Railways is considered to be the country’s “prime mover”, and boasts of having the largest network in Asia. The Indian Railways was first established in 1853 and travelled a distance of a mere 34 kilometers (kms) (Alivelu, 2012). The first ever train in India to use ‘iron wheels’ was on 16th April, 1853 – the train has a capacity of 400 with fourteen carriages and travelled from Bombay to Thane, taking seventy-five minutes. Today, the Indian Railways operates more than 11,000 trains in a single day, 7000 of which are passenger trains, making it the “second largest rail network in the World”, under a single management (Gupta & Bhat, 2007). The Indian Railways is essential for the growth of the country and it plays an important role in catalyzing the pace of economic and socio-economic development (Gupta & Bhat, 2007). Here in this post I will share 35 Amazing facts about Indian Railways.
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1. Howrah Junction in West-Bengal is the busiest junction in the country, 974 trains stop or departs from Howrah daily.
2. Indian Railways is The World ‘s ninth-largest employer with a total of 14, 00,000,000 employees.
3. India’s first electric train was in 1925 run between Victoria Terminus (VT) and Kurla .
4. Located in Uttar Pradesh, India, Gorakhpur railway station has the longest platform in the world since October 2013. Length is 1366m.
5. The longest distance train in the railway is Kanyakumari Vivek Express which runs 4273 km. It joins Dibrugarh in Assam, North-East India to Kanyakumari, Tamil Nadu which is the southernmost tip of Mainland India.
6. The lowest distance train runs between Nagpur and Ajni, which runs a distance of 3 kilometers. Both stations are in Maharashtra.
7. In Nagpur, there is a diamond crossing, which transit in every direction, trains go east, west, north, and south.
8. Indian Railways is building the world’s highest railway bridge on Chenab River. Which will be 359 meters above the Chenab river.
9. The longest tunnel in the country is the Pir Panjal Railway tunnel in Jammu and Kashmir, India which is 11 km long.
10. All electric appliances such as fans and lights operate in rail compartments at 110 volts. That’s why it decreases the risk of theft because the normal voltage of our house is 220 volts.
11. Around 23 million people in India commute by railways every day. Indian Railways is the world’s fourth largest in terms of network.
12. The Trivandrum-Nizamuddin
Rajdhani Express is the longest ‘non-stop train’ in India.
13. Navapur railway station connects two states: one half of it is in Maharashtra and the other half in Gujarat.
14. The station with the longest name is Venkatanarasimharajuvaripeta in Chennai. Pronounce it, quickly.
15. Srirampur and Belapur are two different stations in Maharashtra’s Ahmednagar district, but on opposite sides of the same track.
16. Guwahati-Trivandrum Express has a record of running late on an average by 10-12 hours.
17. The official mascot of Indian Railways is an elephant named “Bholu”.
18. New Delhi station entered Guinness book of world records for having the world’s largest route relay interlocking system.
19. The New Delhi Bhopal Shatabdi Express is the fastest train in India with the top speed of 150 km/h (93 mph) .
20. Mughalsarai Junction (officially known as Pt. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction, station code: DDU, formerly MGS), is a railway station in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. The station contains the largest railway marshaling yard in Asia.
21. The slowest train in India is Metupalayam Ooty Nilgiri Passenger which runs at a speed of 10kmph.
22. Kolkata Metro zone of Indian Railways will run 1,500 ft underwater metro in India under the Hooghly River between Salt Lake and Howrah station.
23. The ‘Fairy Queen’, the oldest surviving functional steam engine in the world is once again ready in this season to haul a heritage train from National Capital Delhi to Rewari, Haryana after a gap of 5 years.
24. Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus is considered to be the most beautiful train station in India.
25. Jaipur emerges as cleanest station in a survey conducted by Indian Railways
26. Kalyan railway station in Mumbai, Maharshtra is the dirtiest station in India.
27. Maharajas’ Express. Owned and operated by IRCTC, Maharajas’ Express is the most expensive luxury train in India..
28. Ghum railway station of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway is the highest railway station in India. It is situated at an altitude of 2,258 metres .
29. The Vembanad Rail Bridge is located in the state of Kerala and connects Edappally and Vallarpadam in Kochi. Vembanad rail bridge is the longest rail bridge in India with the total length of 4.62 km.
30. Ib Railway station of Odisha has the shortest name of all stations on the Indian Railways system.
31. The 60 mile route between Kalka and Shimla in the state of Himachal Pradesh is one of India’s most scenic rail journey in India.
32. Indian Railways is a massively successful organization running 11,000 train in a day.
33. Howrah-Amritsar Express has 115 stops, the record maximum for an Express train.
34. The IRCTC (Indian Railways Catering & Tourism Corporation) website gets close to 12 lakh hits per minute.
35. The Trains got toilets after Indian Railways completed about 50 years.