Hazaribagh (also spelled Hazaribag) is a town and a municipality in Hazaribagh district of Jharkhand in India. It is the divisional headquarters of North Chotanagpur division. Hazaribagh, Literally, which means a thousand gardens, Hazaribagh is a famous health resort situated on a height of a 2019 ft. above sea. It has outstanding climate and beautiful beauties all around it in the midst of dense forest which is quite rich in flora and fauna.
The Hazaribagh plateau has, Parasnath – the highest hill in the Jharkhand, rising to a height of 4480 feet. According to the religious tradition, no less than 23 out of 24 Tirthankars (including Parsvantha) are believed to have attained salvation (nirvana) in Parasnath hills. The hill seems to have been an abode of Jains. The Prasvantha, 23rd Tirthankar was very popular among the tribal population of Chotanagpur. Both the Swetamber and Digamber Jains have several lovely temples here on the hills. Hazaribagh is well linked by road to Ranchi (100 km). Hazaribagh is surrounded by forests, river Konar flows through the town. Sohrai paintings are popular in the whole world. The paintings are ancient and are related to the Sohrai festival celebrated by the individuals of the Kurmi and Prajapati tribes. The Sohrai paintings were displayed in the Rietburg museum in Zurich.
The major holidaymaker spots in and around Hazaribagh are the Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary that is an Eco-tourist spot, the attractive Canary Hills, the hot water fountain Surajkund, Isko Village, Rajrappa Fall, Chhinnamasta Temple, Satpahar, Tilaiya Dam, Narsigsthan temple, Raj Derwah, Hazaribagh Lake, Silwar Hill, and Konar Dam.
Throughout the Turki-Afghan period (up to 1526), the area remained almost free from external influence. In 1585, Akbar sent a force under the command of Shahbaj Khan to reduce the power of Raja of Chotanagpur. After the death of Akbar in 1605, the area apparently regained its independence. By the arrival of the reign of Jahangir, Nagvanshi Raja Durjan Sal had come to power in Chotanagpur. He refused to pay the rent mounted by Emperor Akbar. Jahangir ordered Ibrahim Khan (governor of Bihar) to attack Raja Durajan Sal. The details of this attack are mentioned in Jahangir’s autobiographies, ‘Tuzuk-i-Jahangiri’. There was also another reason behind the invasion. This was the acquisition of the diamonds found within the bed of the river Sankh in the region. Due to its diamonds, Chotanagpur was additionally called Heera Nagpur and its Raja Durjan Sal, being an expert of diamonds, was known as ‘Heera Raja’ among the people. Thus to subdue the Raja of Chotanagpur and to acquire valuable diamonds, Jahangir decided to invade Chotanagpur.
On getting orders from the emperor, Ibrahim Khan marched against Raja Durjan Sal in 1615 AD. He entered the Nagvanshi territories simply with the assistance of his guides. The Nagvanshi Raja Durjan Sal fought against Ibrahim Khan bravely in the hills and vales. He fled and was ultimately found during a cave with a number of his members of the family. He was arrested and all diamonds that were within the possession of Durjan Sal and his family were captured by Ibrahim Khan. Twenty four elephants additionally fell into the hands of Ibrahim Khan. After this, all diamonds found there were sent to the Imperial court. Durjan Sal offered as ransom jewels, gold, and silver to the value of crores of rupees, but Ibrahim Khan did not release him and took him as a captive to Patna. From there he was sent to the Imperial court and subsequently imprisoned in the fort of Gwalior.
According to Nagvanshi traditions and Col. Dalton, Raja Durjan Sal’s confinement lasted twelve years. Ultimately, the very diamonds that had caused the misfortune of Durjan Sal secured him his release and former prosperity. It so happened that from someplace, two very large diamonds were brought to Emperor Jahangir’s court. A doubt arose within the mind of the Emperor over the genuineness of one of them. As no one in his court was able to confirm or relieve his suspicion, the Heera Raja was brought to the Imperial court from his imprisonment. When the 2 diamonds were brought before him, he without any hesitation pointed out the fake one. To prove it to the court and also the Emperor, he requested two rams to be brought to the court. He then tied the 2 diamonds on the horns of the 2 rams and created them fight one another. As a result of the fight, the fake diamond shattered but there was no scratch on the pure one. The Emperor was so impressed and pleased with Raja Durjan Sal that he not only released him but also restored the prosperity taken from him in addition to his kingdom.
The generous Durjan Sal additional begged the Emperor to unleash the other Rajas who had been his companions in jail and his prayer was granted. Being pleased with Durjan Sal, Jahangir conferred the title of ‘Shah’ on the Kokhra ruler. On his come back to Chotanagpur, Durjan Sal assumed the title of Maharaja and changed his surname. Most probably from that time ‘Shah’ was added with the names of the Nagvanshi kings. The reign of Durjan Sal lasted for about 13 years. He died in 1639 or 1640 AD. (Source: http://india-historyofournation.blogspot.com/2012/03/1600s-heera-raja-and-nagvanshis-of.html )
In 1855-56 there was the great uprising of the Santhals against the British but was brutally suppressed which was also known as ‘Santhal Rebellion’. The English observed that the Santhals never used poisoned arrows against them, although they used such arrows for hunting. Even Charles Dickens writing in “Household Words” praised the Santhals over the Russians. The officers recalled that the Santhals usually gave warning before they attacked sometimes even sending the exact date of the assault. Once the Santhals caught hold of a postman, “dakiya” they didn’t harm him instead they ordered him to carry three leaves to Suri, signifying an attack on Suri in three days. The revolt was crushed brutally, hundreds of Santhal villages were leveled to the ground, the heroes were put to death, but one thing which all these extreme punishments could not take away is the spirit of Santhals. Even after the Independence of India, the Santhals continued to take part in the struggle against oppression. (Source: http://sumitsoren1983.blogspot.com/2011/08/few-important-facts-on-santhal-hul.html)
During British rule, one had to go by train to Giridih and then travel in a vehicle called push-push to Hazaribagh. It was pushed and pulled by human force over hilly tracts. It was an exciting journey across rivers and through dense forests infested with bandits and wild animals. Rabindranath Tagore travelled in a push-push along the route in 1885. He recorded the experience in an essay, “Chotanagpur families”.
Hazaribagh Central Jail housed several leaders of the Indian freedom movement, including Dr. Rajendra Prasad, later the first President of India. The popular leader Jayaprakash Narayan was put under arrest during this jail throughout the Quit India Movement of 1942. His escape from this high-security prison with the help of 53 dhotis (sheets) to cross the wall of the jail and the support he received from the local people is one of the legends of the Indian Independence movement.
A small however effective Bengali community settled at Hazaribagh within the nineteenth century once the area was in Bengal Presidency and also the British administration was trying to find individuals with English education. The small community contributed significantly towards the development of the place.
Rai Bahadur Jadunath Mukhopadhyaya (Mukherjee), one among the first settlers, was the primary Government counselor of Hazaribagh. His house in Hazaribagh city played host to several eminent persons together with Sanjiv Chattopadhaya (of Palamau fame writer), Rabindranath Tagore and Subhas Chandra Satyendra N. Bose. Rai Bahadur Jadunath Mukhopadhyaya established the Hazaribagh Brahmo Samaj, donating his own land through a trust he set up. He also helped set up the Durga Puja mandap, the Keshav Hall/Union Club and Library and the first girls’ school in the town, donating his own land and admitting his daughter as its first student; the school is now named after him. Scholars such as Mahesh Chandra Ghosh and Dhirendranath Choudhury made the town their home. The poet Kamini Roy lived in the town for some years. Doctors such as Mandindra Bhushan Banerjee (Panna Babu), Bikash Kumar Sen, Sambhu Nath Roy, and Benoy Chandra Chatterjee were prominent personalities. The renowned Bengali author and writer for many Hindi films like Sujata, Subodh Ghosh, was born and brought up in Hazaribagh. Many of his stories are set within the region.
Another notable Bengali of the primary half the twentieth century was Rai Bahadur Surendra Nath Roy, the noted government Pleader and a patron of the arts. Suren babu migrated from village Raghunathpur (Nadia, Bengal), where he was a zamindar and the title ‘Rai Bahadur’ was conferred on him by the British in 1902 to practice law in the Civil Court at Hazaribagh. For a time Surendra Nath Roy was President of the Bar Association and was the co-founder of Annada High School (Bengali School).
An Elsewhere Place: Boyhood Days in Hazaribagh by Malay Kumar Roy
Hazaribag by Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury
HAZARIBAGH WILDLIFE SANCTUARY
Hazaribagh Wildlife Sanctuary (earlier called Hazaribagh National Park) is a wildlife sanctuary in Jharkhand, India. Earlier it had been home to tigers, leopards, and many more animals but now rarely animals other than nilgai and hyena are seen. It is known that many foreigners also used to visit the then-called National Park, but due to lack of care by the government, it has become merely a forest. Very few tourists can be seen now. Hazaribagh, that was referred to as a travel destination, is now losing its title. The ten observation towers in the sanctuary make it all the more easily to have a closer encounter with wildlife. The main gate of the national park at Pokharia is around 16 km from Hazaribagh. Visitors need to pay entry charges priced at Rs.50 per person. The best time to visit the national park is between October and March. Rickshaws and taxis will be simply availed from the city to achieve Hazaribagh park.
Telaiya Dam is 56 km from Hazaribagh. It is the first dam and hydroelectric power station constructed by Damodar Valley Corporation across Barakar River in Hazaribagh district. It is 1,200 ft. long and 99 ft. high. The main objective is to control floods. The hydroelectric station produces 4,000 kilowatts of power. The attractive natural surroundings and the drive from Barhi on GT road to the dam site through the reservoir and the scenic hillocks are the attraction to the tourists. There is also one park beside the dam known as ‘Telaiya Uddan’.
URWAN TOURIST COMPLEX
Urwan Tourist Complex is further 10 km from Tilaiya Dam. Urwan Tourist Complex is run by Jharkhand State Tourism Development Corporation. It is a perfect site to relax wherever one will take into account disbursement time by the facet of the dam, where one can enjoy boating and other water sports. Offering hotel guests superior services and a broad vary of amenities, tourist complex is committed to ensuring that your stay is as comfortable as possible. Urwan Tourist Complex offers numerous on-site facilities to satisfy even the most sensitive guest. We stayed here for one night.
Urwan Tourist Complex accommodations have been carefully appointed to the highest degree of comfort and convenience. In some of the rooms, guests can find air conditioning, wake-up service, fan, television. Besides, the hotel’s host of recreational offerings ensures you’ve got masses to try and do throughout your keep. Whatever your purpose of visit, tourist complex is an excellent choice for your stay in Urwan.
Urwan Tourist Complex offers facilities like restaurant, business services, and convenient check-in & checkout facility. The in-house Jheel Restaurant is just the right place to get in and set you palates be treated in the right way with a wide variety of delectable food. Some of the extra facilities of the building are large parking.
Address: Tourist Complex, Jhil Restaurant N.H-33, Opp.Railway Station Urwan, Vill-Urwan, PO PS -Chandwara Koderma, MobileNo. : 9102403880
How we reached
We reached Hazaribagh from Ranchi by road. Hazaribagh is 100 km away from Ranchi. We hired one cab from Ranchi (Driver-Gobardhanji-089691256490) and it took approx. 3 hours to reach Hazaribagh. On the way we done Hazaribagh Jungle Safari which took 1 hour .