Bhutan is a distinctive country both culturally and environmentally. Suspended high in the Himalaya, it is the world’s last remaining the Buddhist Kingdom. It has developed the philosophy of Gross National Happiness; where development is measured using a complete approach of well-being, not just based on a gross domestic product.
It is still termed as a third world country with existence farming practiced in much of Bhutan. In broad terms, the land is productive and the population small. In addition, the current generation receives free education, and all citizens have access to free, although elementary, medical care. The sale of tobacco products is banned and smoking in public areas is a crime punished with fines.
Main sources of income for the kingdom are tourism, hydroelectric power, and agriculture.
While traditional culture has been very well conserved, the opening of the country to TV and internet in 1999 has had a major effect, and modern-day culture is mostly centered on bars and snooker halls. As a result, there is very little or no evidence of quality modern art, theatre or music.