Ladakh is a Union Territory controlled by India, and comprising a piece of the bigger area of Kashmir, which has been the subject of contest between India, Pakistan, and China since 1947. It is circumscribed by Tibet toward the east, the Indian territory of Himachal Pradesh toward the south, Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan toward the west, and the southwest corner of Xinjiang over the Karakoram Pass in the far north. It reaches out from the Siachen Glacier in the Karakoram Range toward the north to the fundamental Great Himalayas toward the south. The eastern border of Ladakh, comprising of the uninhabited Aksai Chin fields, has been under Chinese control since 1962. Until 2019, Ladakh was an area of the province of Jammu and Kashmir. In August 2019, the Parliament of India passed a demonstration by which Ladakh turned into a Union Territory on 31 October 2019.
The biggest town in Ladakh is Leh, trailed by Kargil. The Leh area contains the Indus, Shyok and Nubra stream valleys. The Kargil region contains the Suru, Dras and Zanskar river valleys. The primary populated locales are the river valleys, yet the mountain slants additionally bolster the peaceful Changpa migrants. The primary strict gatherings in the district are Muslims (fundamentally Shia) (46%), Tibetan Buddhists (40%), Hindus (12%) and others (2%). Ladakh is one of the most scantily populated areas in India and its way of life and history are firmly identified with that of Tibet. It is famous for its remote mountain magnificence and culture.